Regulatory regime | Clearances | Managing the Environment
| Safeguarding the Environment   | Environmental Safeguard Measures related to SSP  |Action Plan & Progress Report  
 


CATCHMENT AREA TREATMENT (CAT)

 
The CAT works have been undertaken in two phases i.e. Phase-I (directly draining very high and high degraded area) and Phase-II (freely draining very high and high degraded area).

A. Phase-I (directly draining very high and high degraded area)

(Areas in Ha)

Sl. No. Description M.P. Gujarat Maharashtra Total
1. Catchment below Indira Sagar Project 2248600 30230 163611 2442441
2. Very High and High degraded area* 433740 30230 100993 564963
3. Phase I area: Directly draining Very High and High degraded area 115622 29730 24298 169650
4. Phase I area: Target (after deducting untreatable area on account of being rocky/steep slope, etc.** 110997 29157 23295 163449
5. Phase I area: Achievement 110997 29157 23295 163449
6. Phase I area: Achievement in % 100% 100% 100% 100%
* All India Soil and Land Use survey Organization     ** Untreatable

B. Phase-II (freely draining very high and high degraded area)

(Areas in Ha)

Sl. No. Description M.P. Gujarat Maharashtra Total
7. Phase II area: Freely draining Very High and High degraded area* 318118 500 77568 396186
8. Phase II area: Target (after deducting untreatable area on account of being rocky/steep slope, etc.)** 262165 500 43125 305790
9. Phase II area: Achievement 262165 500 43125 305790
10. Phase II area: Achievement in % 100% 100% 100% 100%
* All India Soil and Land Use survey Organization     ** Balance area is untreatable.

COMPENSATORY AFFORESTATION

  • Approval for diversion of forest land for the SSP was granted by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) in 1987, 1990 and in 1994.
    • In 1987 for the submerged forest land 13385.45 ha. (6488.54 ha. in Maharashtra, 4165.95 ha. in Gujarat and 2731 ha. in Madhya Pradesh).
    • In 1990 and 1994 approval for diversion/release of 4200 ha. (2700 ha. + 1500 ha.) forest land in Maharashtra (then Dhule district) for R&R of PAFs of SSP by MoEF under Section 2 of the Forest (conservation) Act, 1980.
  • Conditions stipulated relating to the planning and implementation of Compensatory Afforestation (CA) :
    • There should be compensatory afforestation on equivalent area in non-forest land in addition to reforestation of double the area in degraded forest for every hectare of forestland submerged or diverted for construction of the project.
    • An equal area of non-forestland or double the area of degraded forest should be planted for the 4200 hectare of forest land in Maharashtra, which is to be used for R&R.
    • Status of Compensatory Afforestation in lieu of 13386 ha. forest area diverted for submergence (as on 03.08.2017).

    • Sl. No. State Target (ha) Achievement (ha) Achievement (%)
      1 Gujarat Degraded Forest Area 9300 9300 100%
      Non Forest Area 4650 4650 100%
      Total 13950 13950 100%
      2 Madhya Pradesh Degraded Forest Area 6538 6538 100%
      Non Forest Area 2199 2199 100%
      Total 8737 8737 100%
      3 Maharashtra Degraded Forest Area 12977 12977 100%
      Non Forest Area 6489 6489 100%
      Total 19466 19466 100%
      GRAND TOTAL 42153 42153 100%

    • Compensatory Afforestation in lieu of 4200 ha. forest area diverted for rehabilitation in Maharashtra.
    • Area diverted (Target) = 4200 ha.
      Achievement = 4197.5 ha.(remaining area unfit for plantation)
      Achievement (%) = 99.9%

COMMAND AREA DEVELOPMENT

  • The Environmental Safeguard (ESG) Measures plan for the Command Area in Gujarat and Rajasthan were required to be prepared. Accordingly, Governments of Gujarat and Rajasthan have prepared the ESG Measures for the Command Area and the implementation of the same is in progress.

SURVEY OF FLORA, FAUNA AND CARRYING CAPACITY OF SURROUNDING AREAS

  • Terrestrial Environment :

  • Key Issues/Target Achievements
    Gujarat Maharashtra Madhya Pradesh
    Survey of flora – fauna & assessment of carrying capacity M.S. University, Vadodara, Report of 1992 on submergence and other impact areas. Deptt. of Environmental Sciences, University of Pune Report of 1994 for SSP areas in Maharashtra SFRI, Jabalpur Report of 1993 and Wildlife Institute of India (WII) Report of 2008 for SSP areas in Madhya Pradesh
    Preparation and execution of plans as per recommendations of EIA Studies. Identified plant species are being preserved at MS University’s Botanical garden. e-herbarium have also been established in the University and the same was placed in public domain on 12.03.2016. The plan for the conservation of bio-diversity in Shoolpaneshwar sanctuary areas is also under implementation. Buffer zone plantations covering 2500 ha is completed Social forestry plan had been taken up to enhance fuel and fodder availability. Sixty island to be formed at FRL of SSP Reservoir are to be left undisturbed.
    Rehabilitation plan for the identified wildlife impacted by submergence. The area of Shoolpaneshwar sanctuary located close to the dam was extended from 102 sq.km to 608 sq.km during 1989 to provide shelter to wildlife. The Toranmal Forest has been declared as ‘Conservation Reserve’ by Government of Maharashtra in 2016. The State Forest Research Institute (SFRI), Jabalpur has been entrusted the task to prepare DPR for development of environment and wild life habitat in 5616 hectare of forest area known as Mathwad range adjacent to SSP reservoir.
    SFRI is in the process of preparation of the DPR.

  • Aquatic Environment (Up stream of Sardar Sarovar Dam i.e. Reservoir Management) Fisheries Development and Conservation
    • The Governments of Maharashtra and Gujarat has undertaken programmes for fisheries development and conservation in the Reservoir located in their territory.
    • Government of Gujarat has entrusted study to CIFRI for the preparation of Fisheries Development and Conservation Plan including reservoir management from ecology’s points of view. The Governments of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra are in process to entrust study to CIFRI in their territory for fisheries development and conservation including reservoir management from ecology’s points of view.

DOWNSTREAM ENVIRONMENT (GUJARAT STATE)

  • Integrated plan for Environmental Management in downstream of the dam by CIFRI is in progress.
  • The Government of Gujarat is ensuring discharge of 600 cusecs for downstream from Godbole Gate for environmental flow requirements.

SEISMICITY AND RIM STABILITY

  • The studies of Reservoir Induced Seismicity (RIS) and Rim Stability have been carried out by the Geological Survey of India (GSI), Central Water and Power Research Station (CWPRS), University of Roorkee. Accordingly, the design and construction of the dam have been carried out as follows:
    • Horizontal seismic design coefficient of 0.12 g. adopted on the recommendation of the Dam Review Panel.
    • Stress monitors installed in the main body of the dam.
    • The depth of the Foundation increased to 18 m. below the lowest point of riverbed.
  • As regards, Seismic monitoring, 9 seismic monitoring stations along the periphery of Sardar Sarovar Reservoir have been set up. Data from these monitoring stations are being regularly collected and analyzed by Institute of Seismic Research (ISR), Gandhinagar, and put up before the Dam Safety Review Panel of Sardar Sarovar Project.

HEALTH ASPECTS

  • The Health programmes are under implementations in all the States.
  • The status of implementation of health safeguards for the Sardar Sarovar Project area is as under:-
Action Gujarat Maharashtra Madhya Pradesh
EIA studies By State Council of Health and Medical Services (SCHMS), 1994 By T.N.Medical college Mumbai and Medical college Dhule district. By Gandhi Medical College Bhopal and ICMR New Delhi
Action Plan  Action plan of 1986 and draft plan of 1996 Action Plan of 1987 revised in 1991, 1996 and 2007 Action Plan 1988 revised in August 2003.
Diseases monitoring  in impacted areas of SSP Through SCHMS and routine district wise surveillance under IDSP or NHRM of Govt. of India. Routine surveillance under IDSP or NHRM of Govt. of India. Dedicated surveillance studies through NIMR of ICMR besides routine surveillance under IDSP or NHRM of Govt. of India.
Establishment of health facilities at Dam site/ Peripheral villages. progressing progressing progressing
Vector control measures As per plan of 1986 As per plan of 2007 As per plan of 2003

ARCHAEOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY

  • The current status of protection / relocation works is as under:
Contents Gujarat Maharashtra Madhya Pradesh
Monuments 2 (completed) Nil 16 completed + 03*
Mounds Nil Nil All 13 mounds upto FRL completed.
Museums/Parks Nil Nil One museum at Kasrawad established. 3 additional galleries in lieu of 3 other museums found unviable.
  • In process pari pasu with shifting of the PAFs.

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