NCA Compositions and Functions
| Subgroup/Committees | Important Dates | NWDT


Relevant dates prior to the constitution of the tribunal | Relevant events after appointment of NWDT | 
Post award functions  

Important Dates

a) Relevant dates prior to the constitution of the tribunal: 


Government requested Central Water Ways Irrigation and Navigation Commission (CWINC) to take up investigation on Narmada for basin wise development of water resources.


The commission recommended detailed investigations for Bargi Project, Tawa Project, Punasa (ISP) and Broach (SSP) Projects.


Investigation of three projects (except Bargi) were completed.


Selection of site near village Gora in Gujarat for Broach Project on Narmada River.
Parliament passed Inter State Water Dispute Act 1956, w.e.f. 28.8.56 (Article 262 of the constitution).


Inauguration of the project by the then PM (late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru) and commencement of preliminary works).


Agreement between GOMP, GOG and Union Ministry of Irrigation & Power regarding SS Dam with FRL 425 ft, Punasa Dam (ISP) with FRL 850 ft and Bargi Dam with FRL 1390 ft. known as Bhopal Agreement not accepted by GOMP.


Khosla Committee was constituted by GOI to study the entire Narmada basin and prepare a master plan for optimum utilization of Narmada water.


Khosla Committee submitted its report and recommended

  1. Navagam dam with FRL 500 ft.
  2. Recommended master plan for optimum development of Narmada Water resources, with 12 major project in MP and 1 in Gujarat.
  3. Total water availability in Narmada was assessed as 36 MAF.


GOG endorsed the recommendations of Khosla Committee GOM and GOMP rejected the recommendations and supported the Jalsindhi Dam and Low Nagagam dam.


On 6.7.68 GOG made a written complaint to GOI under section 3 of Inter State Water Dispute Act 1956 against GOMP & GOM.


On 6.10.69 Constitution of Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal (NWDT) by GOI and references of Water disputes raised by GOG to the tribunal.

b) Relevant events after appointment of NWDT:


Five assessors were appointed by the tribunal having expertise in Hydrology, Agriculture, Civil Engineering, and Power Engineering.


Agreement between Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashra, Rajasthan and Advisor of GOG regarding availability of water in river Narmada was arrived at, according to which, requirement of Narmada Water for Maharashtra & Rajasthan for use in their territories is 0.25 MAF and 0.5 MAF respectively.


On 16.8.78 Final order and Decision of the Tribunal was published.

Union of India and Party States sought clarifications on different points.


On 7.12.79 further report by tribunal under Sec.5(3) of the Inter State Water Disputes Act 1956 on the clarifications sought by the party states and by Union of India was published.

Final order and Decisions of the Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) published in Gazette.

c) Post award functions:


Project report of SSP prepared by GOG submitted to CWC for clearance.


Narmada Water Scheme,1980 published in Gazette on 10-9-80 by GOI NCA started functioning from Dec.1980. from New Delhi.


Ministry of Forest published guidelines for release of forest area for other projects including rehabilitation for river valley projects.

Narmada Valley Development Authority (NVDA) set up for construction of Narmada projects in MP.


Environment (Protection) Act,1986 enacted by Parliament.


Work on main dam of Sardar Sarovar Project started in April.

On 24.6.87 MOEF accorded environmental clearance to SSP and ISP on certain conditions.

Composition of NCA modified by GOI on 3.6.87, including union secretaries of MOEF, MOW, MOP and chief secretaries of party states and Secretary, MOWR as its Chairman.


MOEF conveyed the approval for diversion of 13385.45 ha of forest land in Gujarat, Maharashtra and M.P. for SSP.


Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam (SSNL) was created as public company in April 1988 by GOG.


Head quarters of NCA shifted to Indore from New Delhi.


NCA released submergence schedule, village-wise in each of three states, corresponding to different heights of dam during construction.


GOG established Sardar Sarovar Punarvasavat Agency (SSPA)


Narmada Bachao Andolan files a civil writ petition No. 319/94 in Supreme Court of India against SSP date on 15.4.94


On 5.5.1995 the Hon’ble Supreme Court directed to maintain the height of Dam Block No 30 to 46 (in the spillway portion) at 80.3 m (excluding humps)


GOG setup Grievance Redressal Authority (GRA) with justice P.D.Desai as its Chairman on 18.2.99

The Supreme Court gave permission for raising Dam blocks 30 to 46 up to 85m (excluding 3m high hump) vide its dated 19.2.99

Grievance Redressal Authority were appointed by M.P. and Maharashtra Govts also under the Chairmanship of Mr. Justice S.P.Kurdukar and Mr. Justice G.G.Sohani.


On 18-10-2000 the Supreme Court gave permission for raising block 30 to 46 up to 90m.

As per the directions of the Apex court the further raising of dam beyond 90m will be only pari-passu with the implementation of the relief & rehab. Measures and on clearance by R&R subgroup of NCA in consultation with GRA.

In Dec. 2000 GOG raised the spillway Blocks (30 to 46) of the dam up to EL to 90m.


NCA prepares action plan for completion of Sardar Sarovar dam up to 110m by June 2003 and upto FRL by June 2005.

May, 2001

Permission was accorded for construction of 3 m high hump in Block 31 to 45 of the spillway of SSD at EL + 90 m keeping in view the safety of the down stream works of dam.

August, 2001 Construction of IBPT by SSNNL, permitted by GOMP.
May, 2002 NCA in its 64th Meeting (Emergency) held on 17th May, 2002,  permitted SSNNL to raise the height of Sardar Sarovar Dam from EL 90.0m to EL 95.0m  for spillway block No.30 to 46 and SSNNL completed the construction by June 2002.  Construction of 3m stream lines hump on main spillway blocks NO.31 to 45 leaving the end blocks 30 and 46 without hump was also permitted.
May, 2003 NCA in its 66th Meeting (Emergency) held on 14th May, 2003,  permitted SSNNL to raise the height of Sardar Sarovar Dam from EL 95.0m to EL 100.0m  for spillway block No.30 to 46 and SSNNL completed the construction by June 2002.  Construction of 3m stream lines hump on main spillway blocks NO.31 to 45 leaving the end blocks 30 and 46 without hump was also permitted.
March, 2004 NCA in its 70th Meeting (Emergency) held on 12-13 March 2004,  permitted SSNNL to raise the height of Sardar Sarovar Dam from 100.0m to 110.64m for  for spillway block No.30 to 46  as per the approved design.  Other spillway blocks are also to be raised to elevation as adopted for hydromatic model studies to estimate  afflux / submergence area.
March, 2006 NCA in its 76th Meeting (Emergency) held on 08 March 2006,  permitted SSNNL to raise the height of Sardar Sarovar Dam  to 121.92m as per approved design.  The project authorities should comply with the conditions laid down by the sub groups of NCA and complete the above construction by end of June, 2006.  The project authorities should ensure that the non overflow blocks are raised to safe elevations or suitable measures are taken.  So as to avoid overtopping of these blocks.  Particular case is to be taken by all the party states in preparing of contingency plans to provide timely safeguards in case of any untoward incident and insure that there is no submergence before rehabilitation.