Highlights and Submergence Details | Provisions of NWDT Award and States R&R Policies | R and R Subgroup of NCA | Grievance Redressal Mechanism
 

 

SUBMERGENCE IMPACT ON VILLAGES AND FAMILIES

The project will affect 244 villages in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Out of these 244 villages, only 4 villages are getting fully submerged, which include Rohana Village in Madhya Pradesh and Gadher, Vadgam and Mokhadi villages in Gujarat. The rest are partially submerged villages. The villages in Gujarat, Maharashtra and M.P. are being affected both due to pondage and backwater effect corresponding to FRL (full reservoir level). The lowest level of huts/farms of the villages are considered for estimating the number of villages and families affected each year for planning R&R works. As per the latest information, about 46837 families would be affected due to submergence and back water effect at full height of dam (FRL 138.68 meters). State wise breakup of affected villages and number of affected families (PAFs) are given below:

(No. of PAFs)

States

Villages  affected

Families to be rehabilitated including major sons/daughters.

Full

Partial

Total

M.P.

1

191

192

37772

Maharashtra

-

  33

33

4304

Gujarat

3

16

19

4761

Total

4

240

244

46837

The number of PAFs/population affected may change due to addition/subtraction of genuine/false PAFs likely to be declared by the GRA/State Governments.

1.1 RESETTLEMENT & REHABILITATION OF PROJECT AFFECTED FAMILIES (PAFs)

1.1.1. RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION PRINCIPLES

Considering the socio - economic background of the population and the need for improving the living conditions of the affected people, the three State Governments have formulated and announced their policies for R&R which are more liberal than the provisions envisaged in the NWDT Award. These policies are being liberalised from time to time as and when necessity arises. As per the liberalised policy, the Govt. of Maharashtra are now allotting 1 ha. agricultural land free of cost to each landless oustee, and 2 ha agricultural land to major son and unmarried major daughters of all category of oustees besides a subsistence allowance of Rs.4500/- per oustee. More over in Maharashtra, compensation of land and house acquired will be paid to PAF's and land will be allotted free of cost. The Government of Gujarat are allotting 2 ha. Land to landless agricultural labourers, each major sons of all category of oustees with 1.1.1987 as Cut-off date & free core house/financial assistance of Rs. 45000/- for construction of core house to the oustee families & their major sons. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has increased the rehabilitation grant from Rs.11,000/- to Rs.18,700/- for SC/ST/Landless agricultural labourers/small and marginal farmers and from Rs.5,500 to Rs.9,350/- for other labourers and landless families. The liberalization has also been made to purchase the productive assets. Accordingly, the amount to purchase the productive assets has been increased from Rs.29,000/- to Rs.49,300/- for SC/ST/Landless agricultural labourers and from Rs.19,500/- to Rs.33,150/- for other labourers and landless families. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in its landmark Judgment dt. 08.02.2017 in Writ Petition No. 328 of 2002 extended compensation to 681 PAFs of Madhya Pradesh (MP) of Rs. 60 Lakh per family and Rs. 15 Lakh per family to 1358 PAFs (now 998 PAFs after scrutiny) of MP who were paid both installment of Special Rehabilitation Package (SRP) earlier after deducting earlier paid installments. All the benefits of the existing Government Welfare Schemes such as Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM), Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP),Khadi and Village Industries Board (KVIB), National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) etc., applicable to economically weaker sections in the submergence villages are being extended to the project affected families at rehabilitation sites also.

There is no separate provision for R&R for fishermen, potters etc in the R&R policy of NDWT award as they have been treated as landless labourers. The Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal (NWDT) Award under Clause XI, Sub-Clause V (7) stipulates that “Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra respectively shall be exclusively entitled to all rights of fishing, boating, and water transportation over the submerged land within Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra respectively provided, however, that such right is not exercised to the prejudice of any utilities of SSP or cause hindrance in the legitimate performance of their duties by the project personnel.” Accordingly party states are undertaking fisheries development in the Sardar Sarovar reservoir and the fishermen are given foremost priority of the fishing in the reservoir. The potters being landless labourers have been extended R&R benefits as per liberalized policy of the State Governments.

1.1.2. CIVIC AMEMITIES AT R&R SITES:

Besides the allotment of land for agriculture purpose, residential house plots have been provided to eligible PAFs, in the R&R sites, as per the provision made in NWDT Award and Liberalized Policies of State Government. The civic amenities provided at the R&R sites which inter alia includes (1) Primary schools, (2) Dispensaries (3) Drinking water facility (Open dug wells / Bore wells & Hand pumps / Piped water supply) (4) Cattle troughs (Hawada) (5) Children Parks (6) Street lights (7) Homestead Electrification (8) Approach and Internal Roads with appropriate Drainage facility, (9) Tree Platforms etc. In addition, PAFs have also been provided skill training, loan assistance under various livelihood Schemes of State Governments.

2. PERMISSION FOR RAISING DAM HEIGHT

  • The Authority for granting final permission for raising height of the Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) is the Narmada Control Authority (NCA). This mandate was given by Hon’ble Supreme Court by its judgement dated 18.10.2000 in Writ petition No. 319 of 1994.
  • According to the above judgment of Hon’ble Supreme Court, the NCA will permit raising dam height after obtaining clearances from Environment and R&R Sub-Group of the NCA. The R&R Sub-Group of NCA will accord clearance after consultations with the Grievances Redressal Authorities (GRAs) of the States.

2.1 CLEARANCE TO RAISE DAM HEIGHT FROM EL 110.64M TO EL121.92M (PRESENT DAM HEIGHT)

The raising of Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) height upto EL 121.92m was to be completed by June, 2004 as per the time frame/Action Plan of NCA but due to field level problems in completion of R&R works in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra after the judgment of Hon’ble Supreme Court dated 15.3.2005 in the Writ Petition (Civil) 328 of 2005, it could not be achieved.

The NCA in its 76th meeting held on 8.3.2006 after careful consideration of the clearances of the Environment and Resettlement & Rehabilitation (R&R) Sub-Group and fulfillment of the requirements as per the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court had permitted raising of the dam height from existing EL 110.64m to EL 121.92m subject to the directions/safeguards stipulated by the two Sub-Groups. The dam height EL 121.92m has been raised by the Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited (SSNNL), Government of Gujarat by December 2006.

2.2. CLEARANCE TO PHASE-I CONSTRUCTION OF PIERS, OVERHEAD BRIDGE AND INSTALLATION OF GATES IN OPEN OR RAISED POSITION AT SARDAR SAROVAR PROJECT (SSP).

The Government of Gujarat vide letter dated 02.08.2008 has submitted the proposal to the NCA for further raising of dam height which was deliberated in the 80th Meeting of the NCA held on 12.08.2008 wherein, the Authority decided that further construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) would be carried out in two phases:

Phase-I. Construction of spillway piers to its full height and bridge and installation of gates (to be kept in raised position), and
Phase-II. Lowering down of the gates and impounding water in the reservoir to full reservoir level to EL 138.68m.

The Authority decided that the issue of the next stage of construction i.e. Phase-I would first be considered in Environment Sub-Group and R& R Sub-Group including consultation with Grievances Redressal Authorities (GRAs) and thereafter the matter would be considered by the NCA.

The Phase-I proposal was discussed in 86th meeting of Narmada Control Authority(NCA) held on 12.06.2014 wherein, the Authority, on the basis of clearances by Environment Sub-Group (ESG) and Resettlement & Rehabilitation (R&R) Sub-group of NCA accorded its permission for Phase-I proposal. It was also decided that in line with the past practice, NCA may communicate the following decision to Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited (SSNNL).

“The Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited is permitted to carry out Phase-I proposal comprising construction of piers, overhead bridge and installation of gates in open or raised position of Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) as per the approved design. The project authorities should comply with the conditions as laid down by the two subgroups of NCA. Particular care may be taken in preparing plan to provide timely safeguard in case of untoward /unforessen incident”

As per the revised backwater level studies, the new levels corresponding to afflux / submergence at dam site due to the present proposal will be El. 134.15 m. against El. 134.32m which was the afflux level at dam site while granting permission for raising the dam height to El. 121.92 m. In view of this the present proposal will not result in to any additional submergence. A table showing the status of Resettlement of PAFs at present dam height EL 121.92m as on 31.03.2017, is as below:

STATUS OF RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION (R&R) AT PRESENT DAM HEIGHT EL 121.92M (Phase-I) OF SARDAR SAROVAR DAM (as on 30.04.2017)

Dam height State No. of Villages affected Total PAFs Total PAFs resettled Total PAFs resettled
Gujarat Maharashtra M.P.
121.92m Gujarat 19 4744 4744 0 0 4744
Maharashtra 32 3455 696 2759 0 3455
M.P. 177 24421 5382 0 19039 24421
Total 228 32620 10822 2759 19039 32620

STATUS OF RESETTLEMENT & REHABILITATION (R&R) AT FULL HEIGHT OF THE DAM (FRL) i.e. 138.68 M (as on 30.04.2017)

Dam height State No. of Villages affected Total PAFs Total PAFs resettled Total PAFs resettled Balance PAFs likely to be resetteld
Gujarat Maharashtra M.P.
138.68m Gujarat 19 4761 4761 0 0 4761 0
Maharashtra 32 4304 768 3492 0 4247 44*
M.P. 192 37762 5541 0 32221** 37762 **
Total 244 46837 11080 3492 32221 46793 44

*   Out of 44 balance PAFs in Maharashtra 23 PAFs are not traceable and 21 for PAF’s legal heirship is being decided. The Government of Maharashtra will extend R&R packages to these 44 PAFs as and when any one of these category of put claim before Government of Maharashtra. Adequate house plot and about 170 ha. agriculture land is available to meet their requirement.
** Government of Madhya Pradesh through its Grievance Redressral Authorities (GRSs) is planned to complete payments of compensation of Rs 15 Lakh to 998 PAFs (figure after scrutiny) and Rs 60 Lakh to 681 PAFs in compliance to the direction of Hon’ble Supreme Court dated 08.02.2017 in IAs in WP 328 of 2002.